Supa Dupa Fly is the debut studio album by American rapper Missy “Misdemeanor” Elliott, released July 15, 1997 on The Goldmind and Elektra Records. The album was recorded and produced solely by Timbaland in October 1996, and features the singles, “The Rain (Supa Dupa Fly)”, “Sock It 2 Me”, “Hit Em wit da Hee” and “Beep Me 911”. Guest appearances on the album include Busta Rhymes, Ginuwine, Magoo, Da Brat, Lil’ Kim, and Aaliyah.
The album received acclaim from critics, who praised Timbaland’s futuristic production style and Elliott’s performances and persona. It debuted at number three on the Billboard 200 and topped the Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart. It sold 1.2 million copies in the United States, where it was certified platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America.
Upon its release, Supa Dupa Fly received acclaim among music critics. Writers lauded record producer Timbaland’s production as unique and revolutionary. AllMusic called the album a “boundary-shattering postmodern masterpiece” whose “futuristic, nearly experimental style became the de facto sound of urban radio at the close of the millennium.” Elliott’s rapping, singing and songwriting also received much acclaim. The 2004 edition of The Rolling Stone Album Guide rated the album five out of five stars, noting that the avant-garde sound of the album “made Elliott and Timbaland the hottest writer/producer team around”. Mulholland called the album a “key prophecy of the dominant 21st century black pop”, noting Elliott’s ability to “avoid the whole east vs. west, playas vs. gangstas mess.” He described Elliott’s style as “everything the hip hop doctor ordered; a woman who could flip between aggression and romance, sex and nonsense, materialism and imagination, without batting one outrageously spidery eyelash”.
With the release of Supa Dupa Fly, Elliott became one of the most prominent female rappers. The album is credited for redefining hip hop and R&B. Steve Huey of AllMusic felt that the album was “arguably the most influential album ever released by a female hip-hop artist”. Spin magazine ranked the album at number nine on its Top 20 Albums of the Year. In 1998, four out of five music critics from The New York Times ranked the album as one of their top ten favorite albums of 1997. The album earned Elliott two Grammy Award nominations: Best Rap Album and Best Rap Solo Performance for “The Rain (Supa Dupa Fly)”.